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Carrageenan

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About Carrageenan

Carrageenan (CGN), is a complex sugar molecule used as an additive in many cosmetics (makeup), foods and pharmaceuticals / medications.

Carrageenan is thought to be harmless and is an additive in many Organic Foods. However, when Carrageenan interacts with stomach acid or bacteria in the Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract, small amounts of a "degraded" form of Carrageenan (dCGN) is produced.

Degraded Carrageenan (dCGN) is known to be Pro-Inflammatory, can cause Colitis[21] and may cause Colonic Dysplastic Changes[7] and cell death.[20]

Carrageenan may exacerbate symptoms and disease progression in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.[16][17]

Carrageenan and IBD

*Warning: Check your Vitamins, Minerals, Supplements and Enteral Nutrition (EN) Formulas for Carrageenan

Carrageenan (CGN) or the degraded form of Carrageenan (dCGN) can cause the following (some data are from animal studies):
-- Blood in Stool
-- Colitis
-- Crypt Distortion
-- Diarrhea
-- ICAM-1 - Increased
-- Inflammation - Increased
-- IL8 - Interleukin 8 - Increased
-- Monocyte Aggregation [Multinucleated Giant Cells (MGC)]
-- NFkB Activation
-- TNF - Tumor Necrosis Factor Increased
-- White Blood Cell (WBC) Infiltration [Including Lymphocytes and/or Macrophages]

Foods Containing Carrageenan

ProductFlavor / TypeCompanySource
Aquafresh ToothpasteExtra Fresh Whitening FluorideGlaxoSmithKline[19]
Aquafresh For Kids ToothpasteAquafresh for KidsGlaxoSmithKlineAquafresh For Kids
Almond BreezeVanilla Almond MilkBlue DiamondBlue Diamond Almond Milkl[22]
BoostBoost Original Rich ChocolateNestleBoost Original
Cheese (Vegan)Medium CheddarBute Island Sheese[11][11]
Crest Pro-Health[R]Clean MintProcter & Gamble[9][9]
Crest Total[R]Advanced WhiteningProcter & Gamble[10][10]
Ensure[C]Butter Pecan Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure[C]Coffee Latte Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure[C]Rich Dark Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure[C]Strawberry Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure
Ensure Clinical Strength[C]Creamy Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Clinical Strength
Ensure Clinical Strength[C]Strawberries & Cream Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Clinical Strength
Ensure Clinical Strength[C]Homemade Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Clinical Strength
Ensure Complete[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Complete
Ensure Complete[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Complete
Ensure High Protein[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure High Protein
Ensure High Protein[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure High Protein
Ensure High Protein Shake[C]Creamy Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure High Protein Shake
Ensure High Protein Shake[C]Homemade Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure High Protein Shake
Ensure Immune Health[C]Butter Pecan Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Immune Health
Ensure Immune Health[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Immune Health
Ensure Immune Health[C]Strawberry Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Immune Health
Ensure Immune Health[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Immune Health
Ensure Muscle Health[C]Banana Cream Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Muscle Health
Ensure Muscle Health[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Muscle Health
Ensure Muscle Health[C]Strawberry Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Muscle Health
Ensure Muscle Health[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Muscle Health
Ensure Plus[C]Butter Pecan Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Plus
Ensure Plus[C]Dark Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Plus
Ensure Plus[C]Milk Chocolate Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Plus
Ensure Plus[C]Strawberry Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Plus
Ensure Plus[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Ensure Plus
Glucerna 1.0 Cal[C]Unflavored Ready to HangAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Ready to Hang
Glucerna 1.2 Cal[C]Unflavored Ready to HangAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Ready to Hang
Glucerna 1.2 Cal[C]Vanilla Ready to DrinkAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Ready to Drink
Glucerna Hunger Smart[C]Chocolate Peanut Crisp BarAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Hunger Smart
Glucerna Meal Bar[C]Chocolate Chip Crisp BarAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Hunger Smart
Glucerna Meal Bar[C]Chocolate Peanut BarAbbott Nutrition [C]Glucerna Meal Bar
Horizon[C]Chocolate MilkHorizon Organic[C]Horizon Chocolate Milk
Horizon[C]Cottage CheeseHorizon Organic[C]Horizon Cottage Cheese
Lactaid Calcium Enriched MilkCalcium Enriched MilkMcNeil Nutritionals, LLC [R][8]Lactaid
Lactaid EggnogEggnogMcNeil Nutritionals, LLC [R][8]Lactaid
PediaSureRVanilla, Chocolate, Strawberry, Banana, BerryAbbott Laboratories[C]PediaSure
Similac for Spit UpRReady to FeedAbbott Nutrition[C]Abbott Nutrition
VitalRAF 1.2 CalTMAbbott Nutrition[C]Vital AF
VitalR1.0 CalTMAbbott Nutrition[C]Vital 1.0 Cal
VitalR1.5 CalTMAbbott Nutrition[C]Vital 1.5 Cal

Medications Containing Carrageenan

ProductCompanySource
Benadryl Allergy Quick Dissolve Strips[R]Diphenhydramine HClMcNEIL-PPC, Inc.[C][18]
Dexilant[C]dexlansoprazoleTakeda Pharmaceuticals America, Inc.[R][3][4]
Jalyn[C]dutasteride and tamsulosin hydrochloride capsulesRuai Pharmaceuticals Ltd.[C]Jalyn; Jalyn
Pradaxa[C]dabigatran etexilate mesylateBoehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.[R][5][6]
Vantin (oral suspension)[R]cefpodoxime proxetilPfizer[R]Vantin
Zantac Maximum Strength 150 Cool Mint[R]RanitidineBoehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.[C]Zantac
Zenpep[C]pancrelipaseAptalis Pharma Inc.[R]Zenpep (pancrelipase)

Foods that DO NOT Contain Carrageenan

ProductFlavor / TypeCompanySource
Ensure PowderHomemade Vanilla PowderAbbott LaboratoriesEnsure Powder
Oikos Organic Greek YogurtPlain Low FatStonyfield Farm Inc.Oikos Organic Plain Yogurt
Oikos Organic Greek YogurtStrawberry Non FatStonyfield Farm Inc.Oikos Organic Strawberry Non Fat Yogurt
Similac for Spit UpR (*Milk)Powder (Ready to Feed type has CGN)Abbott Nutrition[C]Abbott Nutrition
Stonyfield Frozen YogurtGotta Have VanillaStonyfield Farm Inc.Stonyfield Yogurt Vanilla
Wallaby Organic Lowfat YogurtLowfat VanillaWallaby Yogurt CompanyWallaby Lowfat Vanilla

References

[pos]1a[/pos][1]. Benard C, Cultrone A, Michel C, Rosales C, Segain J-P, Lahaye M, Galmiche J-P, Cherbut C, Blottiere HM. Degraded Carrageenan Causing Colitis in Rats Induces TNF Secretion and ICAM-1 Upregulation in Monocytes through NF-κB Activation. PLoS One. 2010; 5(1): e8666. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti...ne.0008666.pdf

[pos]2a[/pos][2]. http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodIngredie.../ucm261246.htm

3. http://general.takedapharm.com/conte...ode=DEXILANTPI

4. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/D.../UCM322208.pdf

5. http://bidocs.boehringer-ingelheim.c...xa/Pradaxa.pdf

6. http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/D.../UCM231720.pdf

7. Kitano A, Matsumoto T, Hiki M, et al. Epithelial dysplasia of the rabbit colon induced by degraded Carrageenan. Cancer Research 1986; 46: 1374-1376. http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/co.../1374.full.pdf

8. Lactaid Eggnog. McNeil Nutritionals, LLC http://www.lactaid.com/products-home

9. http://www.drugstore.com/crest-pro-h...mint/qxp155218

10. http://ingredientpal.com/colgate-tot...gredients-list

11. http://www.buteisland.com/a_med_sheese.htm

12. http://www.marinalg.org/wp-content/u...ember-2006.pdf

13. http://www.marinalg.org

14. Ingredients in Meat Products: Properties, Functionality and Applications
edited by Rodrigo Tarte Carrageenan

15. http://www.cornucopia.org/tell-the-u...-organic-foods

16. Tobacman, Joanne K. "Review of harmful gastrointestinal effects of carrageenan in animal experiments. (Research Review)" The Free Library 01 October 2001. 15 October 2012 http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Review......-a081760722

17. http://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/Carrageenan.html

18. http://www.benadryl.com/products/all...issolve-strips

19. http://www.walgreens.com/store/c/aqu...105380-product

20. Bhattacharyya S, Borthakur A, Dudeja PK, Tobacman JK. Carrageenan Induces Cell Cycle Arrest in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells in Vitro. J. Nutr. 2008; 138(3): 469-475. http://jn.nutrition.org/content/138/3/469.full.pdf+html

[pos]21a[/pos][21]. Borthakur A, Bhattacharyya S, Dudeja PK, Tobacman JK. Carrageenan induces interleukin-8 production through distinct Bcl10 pathway in normal human colonic epithelial cells. AJP - GI. 2007; 292(3): G829-G838. http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/....full.pdf+html

[pos]22a[/pos][22]. http://store.bluediamond.com/Almond-...illa_p_12.html

[pos]23a[/pos][23]. http://www.cornucopia.org

[pos]24a[/pos][24]. Zerbe L. The Natural Ingredient That's Wrecking Your Gut. Rodale: Where Health Meets Life. http://www.rodale.com/carrageenan

Popular Threads Discussing Carrageenan



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10-14-2012, 06:18 PM   #1
Jennifer
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As far as medications go, how are we supposed to know if it contains any Carrageenan?
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Diagnosis: Crohn's in 1991 at age 9
Surgeries: 1 Small Bowel Resection in 1999; Central IV in 1991-92
Meds for CD: 6MP 50mg
Things I take: Tenormin 25mg (PVCs and Tachycardia), Junel, Tylenol 3, Omeprazole 20mg 2/day, Klonopin 1mg 2/day (anxiety), Restoril 15mg (insomnia), Claritin 20mg
Currently in: REMISSION Thought it was a flare but it's just scar tissue from my resection. Dealing with a stricture. Remission from my resection, 17 years and counting.
10-14-2012, 08:21 PM   #2
Judith
 
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Great Point! I will list ones that are known to contain Carrageenan. Maybe others can post their meds that contain it as well.

Also, your pharmacist has information about your medications (these data are also available online). You need to ask for this information though. They are called something like:
-- Product Information Sheet
-- Drug Formulary Sheet
-- Package Insert
-- Patient Monograph
-- Full Prescribing Information (Usually in the "Inactive Ingredients" Section)

Last edited by Judith; 10-14-2012 at 09:09 PM.
10-14-2012, 11:33 PM   #3
David
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I avoid Carrageenan like the plague now which can be hard as it is in so many organic products. Check your toothpaste folks.
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10-14-2012, 11:46 PM   #4
Avw
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I've also found it listed in the ingredients to Lactaid Milk. Not sure if it is in Soy Milk or not.
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10-14-2012, 11:48 PM   #5
Judith
 
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Thanks Aww! Will add it to the list.
10-15-2012, 01:22 AM   #6
Jennifer
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Sort of on topic but what's a good drink that's available in stores besides Ensure? I use it all the time and suggest it to other people but now I feel like I can't/shouldn't do either. D:
10-15-2012, 01:46 AM   #7
Judith
 
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It is frustrating. It seems everything has ingredients that we have to keep an eye out for.
Ensure Clear http://ensure.com/products/ensure-clear# does not contain Carrageenan.
10-15-2012, 04:37 PM   #8
Jennifer
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Also is this a moderation issue mainly or something to be avoided entirely?

Judith and David does it support the whole idea of foods causing flares or am I not understanding this properly?
10-16-2012, 12:42 PM   #9
Judith
 
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I feel it does support the idea of foods causing flares. However, I believe Crohn's is such a complicated disease that it is one of many causal factors.

For persons with a more severe form of IBD, complete avoidance of this and other substances that are known to be toxic to the GI tract would probably be a good idea. Particularly with Ulcerative Colitis patients and patients with cancerous or pre-cancerous GI changes. Although some might not see an effect from Carrageenan intake, in animal studies it can take multiple days to weeks for toxic effects to be evident.

David what are your thoughts on this?
10-16-2012, 01:21 PM   #10
Judith
 
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These folks suggest removing Carrageenan from your diet for 2 weeks http://www.cornucopia.org/carrageenan
10-16-2012, 01:25 PM   #11
Catherine
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It doesn't appear to be in ensure powder.
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10-16-2012, 04:19 PM   #12
Gwen pippy
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I remember being told about this years ago late 80's, but the very technical explanation to a teenager was "oh seaweed hurts so better to avoid that one dear". Well that's ok then because I don't generally go for seaweed takeouts!!! How could it effect me when I don't even eat it!!!

I was later made aware of it's presence in ice-cream and that seem to explain my ice-cream issue's. I have just checked my toothpaste and I'm amazed to find it in there, I was always been a little weary of toothpaste but didn't really know why. Thank you so much for pointing this out, I'm going to pull my kitchen apart, there are plenty of triggers out there. And as for Ensure yep it has caused me no end of issue's, first few days fine then I'm worse than when I first started which is generally at times of great stress or a flare up.
10-16-2012, 04:56 PM   #13
David
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David what are your thoughts on this?
I'll be the first person to state that everyone should do everything they can to avoid it like the plague. But then I'll go out and buy some Ben and Jerry's every now and then knowing damn well carrageenan is in it.

Avoid it but don't beat yourself up on occasion when you don't. If you're in a severe flare, definitely avoid it. Avoid stuff like toothpaste that has it though finding a good brand is next to impossible (I use baking soda, sea salt, and coconut oil, and peppermint oil).
10-16-2012, 09:00 PM   #14
Judith
 
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It doesn't appear to be in ensure powder.
Great! Thanks for the info.
11-18-2012, 01:59 AM   #15
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Hi, I am new here but am very concerned about carrageenan. I have been vegan for just over a year now, and have switched to a lot of non-dairy milks, cheeses, meats, etc. I was diagnosed with Crohn's disease a couple of months ago, and never had any digestive issues before until just prior to diagnosis (primarily abdominal pain). I am wondering if it is possible that my disease was caused by an increased amount of carrageenan in my diet? As soon as I first read about carrageenan and checked my fridge I found that it was in a lot of my meat substitutes (especially veggie dogs), my preferred brand of almond milk, my vegan sour cream, and even some marinades. I was shocked how many food items I had that listed it as an ingredient. I have tried to cut it out of my diet, but have accidentally consumed it a couple of times since. If carrageenan did cause my disease, would no longer consuming it make my disease go away? Some of what I read says that carrageenan "mimics" IBD in lab animals so they can test for cures. The information I cannot find is if the symptoms/disease disappear after carrageenan is no longer given to the animals. If this did cause my disease, I would be extremely angry. These companies should not be allowed to put crap like this in our food. If this could have caused my disease, I want these companies held liable. Anyone have any more information on this? Thank you.
11-18-2012, 09:15 AM   #16
David
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Hi lelu,

Welcome to the community though I'm so sorry to hear about your diagnosis

I do not believe that Carrageenan caused your crohn's disease. As far as we can tell, Crohn's Disease is likely caused by a combination of genetic, environmental (of which diet may play a part), microbial, and other factors I'm probably forgetting because I just woke up

Now, the Carrageenan may have made things worse to the point you decided to get your symptoms checked or it may have even possibly been the straw that broke the camels back. But Crohn's Disease has been around LONG before Carrageenan was ever used in foods. As such, I do not believe that your Crohn's will go into remission by cutting out Carrageenan alone, but I do believe there's a good chance it will help.

If you're game, please introduce yourself in our Your Story forum. We'd love to properly welcome you to the community.
03-07-2013, 07:26 PM   #17
David
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I really think cutting out carrageenan has been a vital aspect of me attaining remission. Such a terrible substance and in organic foods of all things.

Pffft.
04-09-2013, 09:02 AM   #18
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My son Ben just had a 2 foot resection of his jejunum....I was trying to figure out how he had gotten so sick in just a years time (he had exploratory surgery when they had to surgically remove a pill cam capsule last year)..his labs indicated that he was in remission from Crohn's. He was tube feeding at night, and on Remicade and methotrexate most of the year.

Ben started tube feeding at night in 2010 at age 7. I chose this treatment instead of Remicade, as I felt biologic meds have more risks. When he started tube feeds via NG tube, the product prescribed to us by Nationwide Children's IBD director was PEDIASURE EN. Ben tolerated it very well, and he continued tube feeding for about 3 years, taking in from 3-8 (50-90% of calories) cans per night, until this past week, when I discovered CARRAGEENAN is listed in the ingredients!! Pediasure EN is an Abbot Lab product. I researched all their products and several that are made specifically for GI issues contain carrageenan. I spoke with a Quality rep yesterday who is sending me a compensation packet, whatever that is....she did act like she had no idea this was a harmful to IBD patient ingredient.

Crohn's patients: URGENT: Check your supplements and EN formulas!! Stop taking immediately and find an alternative!
04-09-2013, 09:24 AM   #19
rollinstone
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Too true, what about maltodextrin? It's in bloody everything!!
04-09-2013, 09:29 AM   #20
ben's rn
 
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Can you please, please update your foods containing carrageenan list to include PEDIASURE EN, PEDIASURE supplements, VITAL EN, Similac for Spitters.
Also Carnation Instant Breakfast, chocolate milks, fruit gushers.
Also advise to check labels on all supplements and enteral nutrition products.

Thanks!

Last edited by ben's rn; 04-09-2013 at 09:52 AM. Reason: Adding foods
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