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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy is a procedure utilized to examine the rectum and lower colon. It is sometimes used when someone is extremely ill and cannot tolerate the prep for a colonoscopy or a barium enema x-ray. It sometimes done in conjunction with a small bowel series.

The tube used during the procedure is called a sigmoidoscope and is hollow, lighted, and flexible. The colon needs to be clear of fecal matter prior to the procedure so they may be given an enema, laxatives, or liquid diet. Occasionally air is inserted to improve visibility which may lead to some cramping and pain.

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